A standard wine bottle holds (750 milliliters) of wine and generates about 5.2 pounds of carbon-dioxide emissions when it travels from a vineyard in California to a store in New York. 1 That’s 45 cubic feet (1.29 cubic meters) of simply CO2 which takes Mother Nature a long time to absorb. Only about half of it will be gone from the air a century later. The rest will leave the atmosphere even more gradually, over hundreds and even thousands of years.
Because the majority of consumers live east of the Mississippi, a large part of carbon-dioxide emissions associated with wine comes from simply trucking it from the vineyard to tables on the East Coast. (1)
Total package weight of the wine: glass bottle, cork, capsule, label is between 2.75 to 3.5 pounds. The average weight of an empty 750ml wine bottle is 500 grams (and can range from 300 to 900 grams), or about 1.1 pounds. So, the glass bottle alone accounts for 40% of the total weight of the typical full bottle. Whereas, if it was in a box instead of a heavy, landfill destined, glass bottle, only about 5% would be attributed to packaging weight.
There are 9,00 wineries in North America, 8,300 in the U.S. There are 3,900 (50%) in California and with makes 90% in volume of all U.S. wine and is the world’s 4th leading wine producer after Italy, Spain, and France.
Source (1): New York Times